我天真吗?如何分辨(修复)

|Better Thinking

am I naive feature image 有时候我们都很幼稚。

And make no mistake:

That can be a very good thing in the right context.

为什么?

因为科学,哲学和个人进步的核心需要用新鲜的眼睛看世界的能力。

By the same token, being naive can also be令人难以置信的破坏性

It can force you to miss out on so many of life’s pleasures because it can make you:

  • 当需要理性时不合理
  • 当需要积极参与时持怀疑态度
  • 在唯一的理由可以节省一天的情况下,情感上具有破坏性

但这是一个好消息:

When it comes to learning how to be less naive, the improvement process could not be simpler.

And this post covers how to increase your wisdom in precise terms.

Ready?

Let’s get S.M.A.R.T.E.R together!

(我会告诉你缩写词的含义。我保证!)

我天真吗?一个天真的人的前七个迹象

科学家表明,天真对我们至关重要小时候的认知发展。We literally cannot tell the differences between things without allowing curiosity to help us distinguish the difference between things.

例如,作为孩子,我们科学地测试了世界。我们学会了通过天真地避免它们是什么以及它们如何伤害我们来避免热表面。

这意味着知道某人是否天真的一种方法很简单。

一:缺乏经验

If you want to know how to stop being naive, ask this simple question every time an opinion floats to your mind:

Do I actually have the experience required to make my opinion valid?

Questioning everything这样,将立即使您成为一个更聪明的人。您肯定会少伸出嘴里的频率要少得多。

这是正确的,因为聪明的人提出问题 - 或至少承认一个主题是有问题的 - 在对此做出最终陈述之前。

questions and notebook

但是天真的人?

Not so much. You can often tell by the speed of their answers that they simply lack the background knowledge required to give an intelligent response.

Two: Lack of Self-Awareness

Some people suffer from theDunning-Kruger效应

This takes place when a person is not smart enough to know that they aren’t educated in a particular topic area. It’s very destructive, and one need only look at the comments on various social media sites to see how rampant this problem is.

三:可怜的词汇

你知道吗scientists have warnedthat the vocabulary of our young people is rapidly shrinking?

这与我们的第一点有关经验如何帮助我们区分世界上不同的事物。

We rarely do this through experience alone. Our language helps us process the experience and deepen it through communication with others.

但是,如果我们不知道对象和经验的单词,那么我们理解和将它们与现实的其他方面联系起来的能力。

Four: Gullibility

表现出更大的词汇可以帮助您read faster,这可以帮助您避免容易被欺骗或欺骗。您知道的越多,您就会知道的越多。

Yet, there are people out there who talk for hours about things like the曼德拉效应零证据表明它存在。

男人在说话

当心那些滥用科学术语的人,以利用可骗的人。

他们没有意识到其他人利用缺乏科学素养。

他们通过向他们展示广告来向他们出售带有其他轰动材料的产品来做到这一点。整个行业将自己指向具有有限心理处理能力的消费者。

五:缺乏批判性思维技能

现在,我并不是要只把几个人放在现场。令人难以置信的聪明人也会不时表现出轻松症。

绝望的健康状况,缺乏时间思考和其他情况可能会导致甚至智商高分大错。

但是,具有批判性思维能力的人通常会更快地意识到自己的错误。通常,他们能够在发生任何重大损害之前扭转过程。

他们之所以可以这样做,是因为他们接受了一些批判性思维的培训,例如您可以在此博客上获得的那种。如果您想加强大脑,这里有一些资源,这样您就可以更快地考虑重要问题并犯下更少的错误:

Six: Lack of Willingness To Change

They say that the only constant is change. But one of the top signs of a naive person is inflexibility.

尼采说,当要求别人改变就像要求整个宇宙改变时,他说的最好。但这不是天真的人做什么吗?

As I suggested in my TEDx Talk, which centered on a naive passage of my own life, we know that we can’t change others:

但是我们可以change ourselves.

因此,如果您想停止如此天真,请确保查看以下部分可以改变自己的各种方式。

Seven: You Do Not Put Time Aside For Thinking

信不信由你,思考不是自然活动。我们从动物中降下,我们的自动驾驶本能是为生存而准备的。

This means that thinking not only has to be learned, but in order to keep it sharp, it also has to be practiced.

一个人幼稚的肯定迹象是他们说自己做出了“快照决定”。有些人甚至会吹嘘自己“冲动”或喜欢“依靠直觉”。

True, life sometimes forces us to make choices on the fly. We may have to listen to our gut.

但这从来都不是理想的,如此天真的想法。正如Chip和Dan Heath在书中指出的那样,决定性, much research shows that not taking a time to think things through harms us much more than we think.

Yet, societies arou和世界是如此的易受骗,以至于我们为冲动的名人带来了数小时的态度。

幸运的是,您可以避免属于牛群,因此,让我们将注意力转向简单的方法,以获得更多的经验,变得更加聪明并在越来越成熟的水平上享受现实。

如何停止在八个步骤中幼稚

Fortunately, there are many ways to reduce gullibility and become an accurate thinker on a quest for constant improvement.

让我们看看一些最好的。

Step One: Take Time To Analyze Things Thoroughly

Snap decisions are deadly. And once you’re in the habit of making them, it can be hard to change.

但是,做出明智的决定实际上并不花那么长时间。但是您确实需要花时间思考事物。

一个思想家雕塑

我喜欢的一种模型是W.R.A.P.技术中的技术决定性。This approach applies to many situations where you will benefit from thinking things through. It works like this:

  • Widen your options
  • 现实测试
  • 达到距离
  • 准备失败

举个例子,假设您听说过压抑您的子量化from a so-called speed-reading expert.

在您以他或她的话语来接受这位专家并在他们的培训中赚钱的现金,您可以通过查找可靠的科学家对此问题的评价来扩大选择。

然后,您可以通过了解他们在生活中取得的成就来测试人的主张。

最后,您可以休息一下,以在自己和主题之间进行一定距离,并让您的大脑通过一个称为diffuse thinking

一个女人手里拿着绿色杯子

If you decide to go ahead and invest in the idea after taking time to deliberate, be willing to fail.

By the same token, you should accept that in some areas of self-education, it pays to fail. If you don’t go through a course or two created by charlatans, you risk not sharpening your BS-detection skills, which also requires you to prepare for failure.

In sum, taking time to think in a structured manner is a great way to suffer less from being naive in life.

Step Two: Take Personal Responsibility

易受骗的人常常避免看到他们如何将自己转向伤害。但这是一种回避策略,可以阻止您成长。

Even worse, you can wind up trapped in学习的无助。As researcher Martin Selgiman has shown, it’s easy for humans to accept and even come to love the things that hold them back. But it’s also readily possible for anyone to learn to reject the limiting factors in our lives.研究表明当您采取行动增加您的动作时,这种感觉良好的多巴胺会增加mental strength

In order to become more resilient and learn from your naivety, you need to acknowledge its presence in your life, accept it and then plan to do better.

在日历上抽出一些时间来研究批判性思维或通过像这样的程序来改善您的记忆磁记忆方法大师班是这样做的好方法。

第三步:减少屏幕时间和无意识的消费

There was a time when people thought that智力是固定的。但是,确定被称为弗林效应的研究表明,在20世纪,人们实际上在每一代人中变得更加聪明。

a smart young man has lots of ideas

This trend continued until recently, but now some researchers think that intelligence may be spiralling downwards. They even call this aFlynn效应的逆转在某些人类知识和技能领域。

One explanation for why this downward trend is taking place isdigital amnesia。随着互联网越来越接近创建零延迟在线环境,人们越来越吸引他们的设备。确实,Netflix首席执行官曾经说过他们唯一的竞争对手是睡眠。

通过花更多的时间阅读书籍,即使您是缓慢的阅读器, you’ll give your mind forreflective thinking快节奏的在线环境通常会训练您的大脑以避免。它们旨在使您无需思考即可保持点击,而脱机阅读就是要以持续的方式与他人的思想联系。

Step Four: Improve Your Vocabulary In More Than One Language

A lot of people will tell you to travel to give you more life experience. But let’s face it: the beaches and areas of historical interest around the world are packed with as many naive people as your hometown.

A better way to gain world perspective is through language learning. This is because working with languages is what James Hordern calls知识渊博的做法

The best part is that记忆词汇是快速、简单和有趣。我定期审查副本of Word Power Made Easy to keep my English sharp and read in other languages at least 3-5 times per week.

第五步:设计自己的长期学习项目

许多人随机将书籍随机堆入亚马逊购物车,或收集有关Goodreads的建议。

But savvy lifelong learners are curators of their knowledge. They may read broadly, but usually within highly concentrated areas of interest for dedicated periods of time.

女人正在拿很多书

我在大学学习了很多课程,我的大脑经过了训练,可以在学期中思考。

To this day, I search the Internet not for lists of the best books on a certain topic, but for university syllabi put together by experts. I try to find the biggest and most authoritative textbook on a topic that I can, and then read at least 2-3 of the books it discusses within.

这种学习方式使我能够在发展自己的专业知识时依靠专家的策划过程。然后,当我在此过程中抛出通配符发现时,我会自动阅读它们,并避免陷入易情中,因为已经建立了理解该主题的关键基础。

For any topic I’m studying, I seek to include books from at least these categories:

  • 主题的历史
  • 主题理论
  • 该主题的实际应用
  • 与该主题相关的关键传记

如果您从这些类别中的每个类别中寻求最好的书籍,并且花了3-6个月的时间专注于它们和补充材料,那么您将不会长期对该主题保持天真。

并坚持你的阅读计划。记住:Variety definitely is the spice of life, but the truth in the cliche won’t help if you keep changing disciplines. You can dive deep into topics and connect them a lot better if you spend periods of focused time on fewer topics in more detailed ways.

读书女人的背面图像

The best part is that your focus will compound in value because you’ll have learned the meta skills of how to learn and see many more connections thanks to your depth of study.

第六步:到处携带笔记本

I can think of few things that have helped me more than carrying a notebook 99.9% of the time.

Although it’s true I use memory techniques, there’s nothing better than working thoughts out on paper and planning with my hands. Plus, having a journal is very helpful for quickly creatingMemory Palaces(一种快速记住事物的强大工具)。

Besides planning and keeping track of ideas that emerge, notebooks are great for self-assessment, gratitude journaling and generallyexpanding your mind

Step Seven: Practice Objectivity

One of the hardest things for chronically naive people is to realize that reality exists independent of their thoughts and opinions.

发生这个错误是因为他们主要是主观的,而他们会从中受益客观的思想家。

毫无疑问,客观很难。

Fixing this issue starts by understanding that your brain practically forces you to be emotionally invested in everything you see and do. We are driven to navigate the world by the laws and forces of evolution in the same way that gravity holds us fast to the earth.

尽管将芯片堆积在您身上,但要变得更加客观,您可以使客观性成为您的第一个学习项目之一。研究心理学,决策和游戏理论的科学。努力成为哲学家。

learning and drinking tea

As part of this project, build a network of people around you who can help stress test your ideas. I suggest joining paid groups rather than free ones. Whereas many of the free ones are filled with low quality posts that will trap you in naive thinking, a solid investment in a discussion group based around deep dives into challenging content will serve you very well.

If you’d like to be part of one of我即将到来的团体,考虑让我知道!

Step Eight: Know Your Personality Type

我自己的易受骗经历之一向我揭示了我从未想过在投资中从未想过的领域。

For years, I’d been so focused on academic matters and later developing this blog, I had spent almost no time thinking about or studying the different ways I might retire one day.

Because I practice what I preach, I followed a lot of the steps I’ve discussed above. For example, I looked for the foundational books on investing and spent months focused on reading them thoroughly.

我还参加了课程,并花了一些时间与主题专家一起审议我的计划。

He said something very interesting to me:

“如果您以与您的个性类型抗衡的方式进行投资,那么您将永远痛苦。”

I listened deeply to what this expert had to say about personality types when it comes to investing. I journaled about it in my notebook, talked with yet other people and these processes helped me make the right decisions. I know now that I avoided being gullible around a lot of decisions that so-called experts in the field call wise investing, but what actually amounts to uneducated greed.

a beard man is talking with a woman

这个特殊的话题对我来说不是很有趣,但是我很高兴我计划了时间,并直接与专家自己交谈以帮助制定我的计划。为了确保您避免幼稚的陷阱,我建议您这样做。

You Don’t Have To Stop Being Naive 100%

正如我在引言中提到的那样,我们从保持开放的思想和培养好奇心中受益。

同样,我们不想让我们的思想如此开放,以至于我们的大脑掉下来。

Instead, we want to strive to be what I call S.M.A.R.T.E.R or serious, mature and ready to embrace reality.

这很重要,因为我们中最明智的人知道一件事是正确的:

我们都不知道我们不知道的。

实际上,最聪明的人仍然被巨大的无知所笼罩。该人必须是因为未来不是也不知道的。另外,过去的大部分时间从未被记录下来,此后保留的人类知识却被遗失了。

但是我们可以learn to think logicallyand develop解决问题的模型。这只是愿意开始并继续前进。

And it helps to be able to remember the steps that we’ve discussed today. If you’d like help with that, please register for my自由记忆改进套件

Magnetic Memory Method Free Memory Improvement Course

它将帮助您快速创建和使用内存专家使用的工具来帮助他们更快地学习并记住更多。

当您可以做到这一点时,您可以亲吻破坏性的天真告别。永远。

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